Teacher Resources, Lesson Plans, and Classroom Management Tips

Teacher Resources - Teaching Phonics

Teaching Phonics

Children need explicit and developmentally appropriate instruction in the areas of phonemic awareness and phonics. Before reading, children need to be able to hear sounds and patterns (phonemic awareness) and understand print and how letters come together to form words (phonics).

Here is a primary sequence map for the introduction of phonics and phonemic awareness. It has been adapted from Balancing Literacy by Dr. Maggie Allen (2002).

Oral Language Development
  • Receptive (hear and understand)
  • Expressive (verbal language)
Sound Awareness
  • Sound Recognition
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Timbre of Voices and Instruments
Phonological/Phonemic Awareness
  • Hearing (words, rhyme, syllables, alliteration, onset/rime, sound segmentation, blending of sounds, and substitution of sounds)
Print Awareness
  • Concepts of Print (directionality, punctuation, capitalization)
  • Environmental Print (store and product logos)
  • Labels (objects in room)
  • Sight Words (class members' names, family names, common words)
  • Phonics (single letter/sound combinations and chunks)
  • Synthetic Phonics (consonants, vowels, blends, digraphs)
  • Analytic Phonics (word families or phonograms)
  • Vowel Patterns
    • Closed vowel pattern (cat)
    • Open vowel pattern (go)
    • Silent e pattern (like)
    • Vowel team patterns (digraphs rain and dipthongs foil)
    • R controlled pattern (bird)
    • Consonant + le pattern (apple)

Practice with Decodable Text (early readers)

Structural Analysis
  • Root words with Affixes (prefixes and suffixes)
  • Contractions
  • Compound Words
Word Study/Word Origin (roots and their meanings)

Below you will find information for teaching phonemic awareness and phonics. I hope you find the information helpful in your teaching practice.

Professional Resources for Teaching Phonics

Coming soon...